While the basics of building a server PC are similar to those of a desktop, the differences come in the components you don’t need. While you may need to have a decent video card for your server, you can often get by with a lower processor and memory, especially if you plan to use your machine as a media center or file server. The downside to a powerful server is its bulk and noise.
A high-performance CPU is the backbone of your server. You’ll need a CPU with enough power to handle your needs, and a Celeron unit is very affordable. You can also upgrade to a more powerful chip for $300. AMD’s Ryzen chips are best for this, and will provide more cores for more complex applications. A solid-state drive (SSD) will make your custom server build faster, but it will also increase your build cost.
The CPU is another key component. A server’s CPU manages all tasks for the webserver. A Celeron CPU is a cheap option, but a Xeon or Ryzen processor will cost more. A system board, also known as a motherboard, provides the bridge between the various components of a server. You can buy a server chassis from iStarUSA, Supermicro, Rosewill, or other brands.