How to Get Financially Literal: A Basic Guide

Wealth is for the chosen few. To live well, you have to work hard. You cannot succeed in business if you do not have an entrepreneurial streak. When such delusions are firmly rooted in the mind, people are unable to manage their finances soberly. He spends more than he earns, gets into debt or, on the contrary, fanatically saves for a rainy day, saving up for every little thing. Improvement of financial literacy will help to correct the situation

Why You Need Financial Literacy

By adhering to the principles of personal finance management, you will learn to live within your means and systematically build up your wealth.

A financially literate person knows how to:

  • Provide financial protection for themselves and their loved ones in case of unforeseen circumstances (illness, crisis, etc.).
  • Maintain a familiar standard of living, even without a permanent job.
  • Create savings and multiply them.
  • Find sources of additional income.
  • Recognize fraudulent financial schemes.
  • Not depend on your employer, pension reforms, economic situation in the country, and rely on your strengths and abilities.

Fundamentals of Financial Literacy

With competent financial management, expenses don’t exceed income, and all free funds “work”, i.e. bring profit.

To many people such a level of wealth seems unattainable: where to get free money, if you live from paycheck to paycheck? In fact, anyone can save, invest, receive passive income, and become financially literate.

Economics is an exact science; all you need to do to improve your financial situation is to study its laws and apply them in practice

Keeping Track of Finances

Keeping track of your income and expenses is a useful habit for a financially literate person. In just a month, you will see how you manage your money and what mistakes you make in doing so.

Start recording all expenses, categorizing them by direction. Example:

  • Group 1 – current expenses: buying groceries and goods you need every day.
  • Group 2 – obligatory payments: loans, utilities, cellular phones.
  • Group 3 – entertainment: cinemas, bars, colleagues’ birthdays, other fun activities, like those when you visit this online bookmaker or go to an activity park.
  • Group 4 – big purchases.
  • Group 5 – car expenses, including insurance and petrol.

The details are selected individually: after 1-2 months of accounting you will develop a convenient classification system.

Don’t forget to record your income, too. Consider not only your salary, but also income from other sources, including interest on deposits and cashback, if it’s credited to a card.

Once you have enough data, study and analyze it:

  • Compare expenses and income for the month,
  • Identify avoidable expenses (spontaneous purchases, cabs, gym memberships you don’t go to).
  • find items of expenditure where you could have paid less (you bought overpriced goods, overpaid for a haircut at a promoted salon).
  • Sum up the actual results (how much money was left at the end of the month).
  • Calculate what the balance could have been, taking into account the savings in items 2 and 3.

As a result, you will get a clear picture of your financial situation and understand how to optimize costs. Now you can move on to the next step: budgeting


You need to plan your budget in order to achieve a certain goal.

The goal can be anything. Start saving for a comfortable old age, pay off your mortgage early, save a million – choose what motivates you.

Plan your budget only after you have analyzed your spending and figured out your financial habits.

After all, no matter how ambitious the goal, daily needs will still outweigh. Even a financially literate person finds it difficult to sacrifice small pleasures in favor of the future. So when planning, consider your lifestyle and answer yourself honestly if you’re willing to give up certain spending habits.

Additional Sources of Income

You may have heard of the concept of risk diversification. This term is mostly used in the field of investments: it means that you should invest your money in different assets and industries to minimize possible losses.

However, risks can be diversified not only in investments. A financially literate person will never rely on a single source of income – he or she will provide himself or herself with several opportunities for

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